The Bible is God’s message revealed by the Holy Spirit through inspired men (2 Tim. 3:16-17; 1 Cor. 2:13; 14:37). David referred to the work of the Holy Spirit in explaining the origin of the portions of Scripture he wrote. In 2 Samuel 23:1-2, he wrote, “Now these are the last words of David. Thus says David the son of Jesse; Thus says the man raised up on high, The anointed of the God of Jacob, And the sweet psalmist of Israel: ‘The Spirit of the LORD spoke by me, And His word was on my tongue.’” David claimed that the Holy Spirit spoke through him, putting the very words on his tongue. In Mark 12:36, Jesus corroborated this claim by His statement concerning the words of David found in Psalm 110, saying, “For David himself said by the Holy Spirit: “The LORD said to my Lord, ‘Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your enemies Your footstool.’” The process of the Holy Spirit using men, such as David, to write the Old Testament was described by Peter in 2 Peter 1:20-21, “knowing this first, that no prophecy of Scripture is of any private interpretation, for prophecy never came by the will of man, but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.”
The Holy Spirit moved men to write the New Testament as well. While various means were employed by God to communicate His will in the Old Testament, in the New Testament He has spoken by His Son Jesus Christ (Heb. 1:1-2). Inspired men, such as the apostles who heard Jesus themselves, were used by the Holy Spirit to produce the New Testament. We are not left with merely the claim that these individuals were speaking the message of God, but with authentication from God Himself that this message was from Him. This authentication is found in miracles which the Holy Spirit worked. In Hebrews 2:3-4, this question is asked: “how shall we escape if we neglect so great a salvation, which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed to us by those who heard Him, God also bearing witness both with signs and wonders, with various miracles, and gifts of the Holy Spirit, according to His own will?” The salvation God provides to us now through His Son was first spoken by the Lord Jesus Christ Himself while He was here on earth and was confirmed by those who heard Him. These were the apostles who accompanied Jesus from the baptism of John to the time of the resurrection, of which they were witnesses (Acts 1:22). Jesus did not reveal all that was to be included in the New Covenant while He was here on earth; there were more truths that the apostles could not yet bear, but they would be guided by the Holy Spirit who would remind them of what Jesus taught them and teach them the remaining portions of the saving truth God desired to reveal. Jesus promised His apostles in John 14:25-26, “These things I have spoken to you while being present with you. But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all things that I said to you.” Later, in John 16:13, Jesus promised that the Holy Spirit would guide the apostles into all truth. God bore witness to the veracity of their message that it was indeed from Him, “both with signs and wonders, with various miracles, and gifts of the Holy Spirit” (Heb. 2:4).
Thus, while around forty individuals were used in writing the Bible, there is really one author: God. He has revealed His will for us in the Bible and we can understand it (Eph. 3:4). This coming weekend, Eric Lyons will be here to speak on the abundant evidence for why we can trust the Bible as a reliable guide from God. Will you come?